Underwater Welding and How it Works

Underwater welding, commonly referred to as hyperbaric welding, involves welding under intense pressure.

There is wet water welding, that takes place inside the water or dry welding that takes place in a dry, pressurised enclosure and steel is the most common metal used material used to weld.

'Hyperbaric welding' is often used to describe dry welding, while 'underwater welding' to describe welding in wet settings.

Due to the greater control over the welding environment and the availability of pre- and post-weld heat treatments, dry welds often produce joints of higher quality than wet welds.

However, it can be challenging to assess the quality of underwater welds, particularly with wet welding, as flaws might be hard to spot below the weld's surface.

How Does Underwater Welding Work?

In dry welding, the structure to be welded has been placed in a hyperbaric chamber. To remove the water and produce a dry environment for the weld, the chamber is subsequently filled with gas (usually an oxygen and helium combination). To keep welders from experiencing decompression sickness while they are working, the chamber must be pressured to the proper level.

However, there are times when welder-divers lack access to a hyperbaric chamber or when a repair is urgent and must be conducted right away. Wet welding might be utilised in these situations instead.

In order to protect the weld and stop any electricity from conducting through the water, wet welding depends on the emission of air bubbles surrounding an electric arc. While shielding the diver, this layer of insulating bubbles also obscures the welding region, making it more difficult to perform the weld with precision. The welding pool may be disturbed by the bubbles, and the welded connection may cool too fast as a result of heat loss via the surrounding water. This raises the possibility of defects like cracking.

Direct current settings are used for underwater welding rather than alternating current ones since they are safer for the welders to work with.

Training to Be an Underwater Welder

The hazards that come with underwater welding are impossible to overlook, but they are also the reason that underwater welding is one of the highest-paying job possibilities for commercial divers.

Before studying commercial diving, many underwater welders first train to become professional welders. Before seeking additional training from a recognised university to combine the abilities as an underwater welder, make sure you register in high quality training programmes to study both the welding and diving parts of the work.

Although it may take years to complete, this training helps to reduce risks of electrocution and drowning.

For more information, please visit our website or contact us.